Beijing Travel – Confucius Temple
Confucius is 1 of histories greatest philosophers and teachers and in the very same league as well-known western philosophers such as Plato, Aristotle, Pythagoras and Socrates.
Born in 551BC, Confucius is China’s most influential philosopher and educator. The morals and principles of his philosophy are an integral portion of values and ideology of modern-day Chinese society. He has been revered by the widespread men and women, emperors and leaders alike for thousands of many years and a number of temples have been built all more than China in his name.
The Confucian Temple in Beijing is the 2nd largest Confucian temple in the globe and only surpassed by a larger temple in Qufu, the house town of Confucius. Positioned near the center of Beijing, the Confucius Temple supplies a marvellous insight into the globe of Confucius and his influence on modern China.
Construction on the temple started in 1302, the sixth year of the reign of Emperor Dade of the Yuan Dynasty and was finished in 1306. The temple was enlarged, restored and rebuilt throughout the Ming Dynasty and once again during the Ming Dynasty.
Grounds and Layout
The grounds of the Confucius Temple cover 22,000 square meters and are a made up of numerous courtyards and buildings laid out on a central axis. The main buildings on the central axis are the Xian Shi Gate, Da Cheng Gate, Da Cheng Hall and Chong Sheng Memorial Temple. There are also two rows of smaller buildings on the left and appropriate side of the grounds.
Xian Shi Gate (Gate of the Master) – This gate houses the ticket workplace and the security checkpoint that tourist pass via to enter the temple.
Da Cheng Gate (Gate of Fantastic Accomplishment) – This gate is also referred to as the Halberd Gate simply because 24 of the ancient Halberd weapons that are displayed within.
Da Cheng Hall (Hall of Fantastic Accomplishment) – The major building in the temple and it is in this creating that Confucius was enshrined and worshiped by China’s Emperors.
Chong Sheng Memorial Temple – This hall was not built right up until 1531 throughout the reign of Emperor Jiajing of the Ming Dynasty. The hall was utilized for providing sacrifices to five generations of Confucius’s ancestors. The Confucius Temple performances are given on the measures of this temple.
History of Confucius Display Area – This is a lengthy narrow constructing on the correct side of the 2nd courtyard. The area displays substantial details on the life and background of Confucius, his loved ones, his accomplishments and his back ground. I located a display of his family tree quite exciting simply because it only shows male descendants. This straightforward omission says a lot about Confucian philosophy and values.
Advancement of Confucianism Show Area – On the left hand side of the second courtyard is a space displaying details on the improvement and state of Confucianism in China and close to the globe in past and present instances. There is a lot of info on the importance in the contemporary globe of the values and tips taught by Confucius.
There have been many congratulatory references to compliments and praise produced by Nobel Prize winners to Confucianism. Quite ironic contemplating the current status the 2011 Nobel Peace cost winner has in China.
I saw at least three main college groups in the Confucius Temple when I was there and over heard one particular teacher lecturing his students on the values of Confucius in their studies. The Chinese education program plainly locations a lot of emphasis on a 2,500 year old philosophy and its teachings.
Classical Chinese Music House – This is a little creating to the left of Da Cheng Hall that has been converted to a shop selling food, ornaments and jade furnishings. I found a lovely jade table and chairs in the shop that would have been wonderful to take back residence.
Jin Shi Stone Tablets – Jin Shi is a name for scholars who successfully passed the examination program in Imperial China. The examinations have been a prerequisite for operate in the government’s vast bureaucracy and passing these exams was regarded a wonderful honour and accomplishment.
198 stone tablets have been erected at the front and rear of the temple’s entrance courtyard that list examination benefits of 51,624 Jin Shi from the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. Interestingly this examination and variety procedure continued right up until 1905.
Stone Stele Pavilions – 14 pavilions have been constructed in the temple’s initial and 2nd courtyards that residence stone steles (tablets) recording historical info on ancient China. Some examples of these records are the profitable suppression of a riot in Qinghai in 1725 and the completion of a renovation in the Confucius Temple in 1769.
Performances are frequently held in the front of the Chong Cheng Memorial Temple that final for around 20 minutes. I’m not positive what relationship if any the performances have with the teachings or existence of Confucius but they are pleasant to watch and the period costumes are really cute.
In contrast to most travel spots in Beijing, the performances are not shown at regular occasions to all tourists. The performances are only held for significant tour groups who buy VIP tickets to the Confucius Temple. If you are keen on watching a functionality, I propose you discretely tag lengthy with a large tour group when they enter the Chong Cheng Memorial Hall. This is how I accidentally crashed a overall performance.
Take the subway to Yonghegong station which is at the intersection of subway lines 5 and lines 2. Leave the station utilizing the C exit, turn left and walk a number of hundred meters. You will know if you have gone to far if you attain the entrance of Lama Temple.
After several hundred meters you will see a road on the right referred to as Guozijian street. Go down that road and the temple will be on the correct had side. If you have difficulty finding the temple, ask a local where the “kong miao” is. You will have no difficulty discovering folks who will point you in the correct path.
Tickets and Instances
The tickets are 30rmb each and every and the opening instances are eight:30 to six:00pm with no tickets sold soon after 5:30pm.
Article from articlesbase.com
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